Loi Krathong and Yi Peng 2013

Yi Peng and Loy Krathong are traditional festivals that happen every year in Thailand.   Loy Krathong is celebrated on the full moon of the twelfth month in the Thai Lunar calendar.  Yi Peng is a Lanna (Northern Thai) festival and is based on the Lanna calendar and is on the full moon of the second month of this calendar.  However, the two festivals fall at the same time and are celebrated in similar ways with similar meaning.

Loy Kathong is traditionally celebrated to pay honor to the goddess of water and Lord Buddha and as a way to send away misfortune and ask for good luck in the future.  Many people will make krathongs (small floating offerings) out of the leaves and trunk of the banana tree and decorate them with candles, flowers and incense.  They will then be floated down a river as a way to pay honor.  In modern times it is also celebrated with parades and many fireworks and sky lanterns which can be seen and heard all over Chiang Mai.

Yi Peng is a time for paying respect to Buddha and sending away worries and asking for good fortune for the year.  It is often celebrated by releasing Kom Loi (Sky lanterns) and decorating houses with lanterns and candles.  One of the most amazing places to see this is near Mae Jo University outside of Chiang Mai.  Thousands and thousands of people gather together to simultaneously release their lanterns for a sight that is like no other.

ATMA SEVA took a team trip to the Mae Jo lantern release and we have to say that it truly was a spectacular evening for all of us.  Here are some of the pictures from the night!

Written by: Amy Kaylor, on-site intern

Photography by: David Poppe, Programs Director




Photography Corner – Tshechu: Festival of Mask Dances

Once there lived a boy, who had enormous faith in the gods because he spent most of his time praying. Another part of his daily routine was to sit beside his father, a painter. The boy watched his father jabbing the paint brush into his mouth every now and then, while painting different forms of art that resembles the mask dances that we see at different Tshechu (a festival of mask dances). However, the boy died a premature death in few years. There is a Bhutanese vernacular, “tshe ma zou lay metshe zo”, which means unfortunate death without completing his destined life. His spirit wandered in Bardo (according to Buddhism, the spirit of the deceased goes through a process lasting forty-nine days called ‘Bardo’ whereupon  the departed spirit either enters nirvana or returns to Earth for rebirth) where he witnessed all the characters in the mask dances. The only difference was that they were real ones. They displayed their dreadfulness in their demeanor; yet, the boy didn’t feel a moment of being afraid. Instead he watched them with great enthusiasm with their familiarity coaxing him. This is because while he was alive he saw his father draw their faces countless times. “They are just characters that my father used to draw with his spittle brush”, thought the boy.  It is said that this very incident led the wandering soul of the boy to find his way to the path of heaven.

This story highlights the importance of having the festival of tshechu in every part of the country. Tshechu are held in dzongs and monasteries annually. This is one of the most colorful festivals in the country where people from all walks of life don’t want to miss it. It is often seen as an opportunity for the people to gear themselves up with their best dresses, usually the bright, colorful and expensive ones. Apart from that the event also propels the people to have a great time to get together, socialize with one another.

Wangduephodrang Tshechu attracted thousands of people in its three days (12th-14th September) period. The unfortunate fire in 24th June burned the entire Wangduephodrang dzong to ashes, since then the annual tshechu has been held in the Royal Bhutan Army (RBA) ground which is located a few kilometers away from the town. However, the open ground provided more space for the people to watch the mask dances than the courtyard in the dzong did. One of the most important and interesting features of the mask dances here is the Raksha langgu chham. It was first introduced in the 16th century by Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal. The myth has it that while constructing a cantilever bridge across the tshangchhu river during the day time, the people tried laying foundation for the bridge while the mermaid destroyed them at night. Thus, Raksha Langgu chham was introduced in order to distract her. It has been said that the mermaid disguised as an ordinary citizen went to witness the dance. She was mesmerized by the chham that she totally forgot about the on-going construction of the bridge. Meanwhile, people hurried their work and erected the bridge in her absence.

It is not just what people see these days that attracts them to come and watch the mask dances but the background stories and myths that each of them carries like Raksha Langgu chham, giving a very meaningful purpose of their existence. Similarly, every masked dance is introduced with a consequential message. Most of them deal with what happens after death to wandering souls. While some mimic the dances which are found in the paradise, one of such chhams is, Pa chham. Pema lingpa, a very renowned treasure discoverer in the 15th century was said to have visited Zangtopelri (paradise) in his dream. He saw a dance performed by yogis there. He then introduced the same dance here what is known today as Pa chham.

Enjoy the photos and for more details about ATMA SEVA’s travel options in Bhutan, please click here.

Jigme Namgyel, research intern



Photography Corner – Thimphu Tsechu (Thimphu, Bhutan)

Thimphu tsechu is an annual religious, cultural, and social festival, held in Thimphu Bhutan.  Each district has its own ‘tsechu’ or celebration.  Tsechus take place on the 10th day of the particular month according to the lunar calendar.  It honors the memory of Guru Rimpoche (Indian saint Padmasambhava who brought Buddhism to Bhutan in the 7th century).  The tradition of Bhutanese tsechu was established by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal (the man who unified Bhutan) in the 16th century.  This year, Thimphu tsechu took place on September 25th, 26th, and 27th.  The festival signifies good over evil and is to wish for good luck and a prosperous new year.

The celebration includes dancing, shows, and cultural displays.  People usually bring their own lunches to ensure they do not miss any part of the show.  The festival is both cultural and religious, as both are very intertwined in Bhutanese culture.  The belief is that anyone who attends a tsechu can make merit and gain positive karma.

Hope you enjoy the photos and make sure to subscribe to learn more abut Bhutan!


Photos by Sonam Lhaden



Photography Corner – Bo Sang umbrella festival

Bo Sang is a small village in the San Kamphaeng district right outside Chiang Mai. It is famous for its handmade umbrellas which are painted with bright colors and different motifs.

Every year there is an international “Umbrella Festival” and for three consecutive days the village becomes a magical place of color, art, and festivities. People from all over gather here to engage in umbrella and fan painting contests, enjoy the parades, shows, exhibitions, etc.

The main street shops decorate their entrances and a prize goes to the best one. It is a delight to take a walk down the street admiring all the remarkable and artistic decorations. These are a few photos from the last festival in January!

Photos by Marcia Somellera


Check out Marcia’s blog ‘An Unfolding Life in Simple Stories’